Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) of multiple cranial targets using a single isocenter on conventional C-arm linear accelerators are rapidly developing clinical techniques. However, no universal guidelines for acceptable intermediate dose spill limits are currently available or widely accepted. In this work, we propose an intermediate dose spill guidance range for cranial SRS/SRT delivered on C-arm linacs with MLC collimation for single PTV plans and single isocenter multiple target plans with PTV volumes in the range 0.02–57.9 cm3. We quantify intermediate dose spill with the R50% metric (R50% = volume of 50% of prescription isodose cloud / volume of PTV) and test the proposed range using three clinical data sets, containing both 6 MV and 10 MV beams, previously published by other authors. Our proposed lower limit of R50% (LowerR50%) and upper limit of acceptable R50% (UpperR50%) bound over 90% of the clinical data used in this study, yet still provide a challenging benchmark for optimization and plan assessment of linac-based, MLC collimated SRS/SRT.

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Published in Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, e13570.

© 2022 The Authors

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium,provided the original work is properly cited.

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The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.