Endoscopic intervention is well validated for the control of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). In cases of refractory bleeding, transarterial embolization is a safe and effective alternative. Ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) commonly known as Onyx® is an inherently black liquid embolic approved for use in cerebrovascular arteriovenous malformations and is increasingly used as an embolic agent in multiple peripheral and visceral territories. Onyx® has a uniquely undesirable property of causing black color discoloration when used in peripheral applications adjacent to the skin akin to a "tattoo effect." Knowledge of the agents used by the interventional radiologist, clinical correlation, and close follow-up can be of paramount importance to avoid unnecessary surgical intervention. Here, we report a case demonstrating this "tattoo effect" on the gastric mucosa following UGIB embolization.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Raissi, Driss; Yu, Qian; and Mardini, S. Houssam, "Upper Gastrointestinal Bleed Embolization with Onyx®: The "Tattoo Effect"" (2018). Radiology Faculty Publications. 20.