This study compared inhibitory functioning among ADHD subtype groups on manual and visual versions of the stop task. Seventy-six children, identified as ADHD/I (n = 16), ADHD/C (n =42), and comparison (n = 18) completed both tasks. Results indicated that both ADHD groups were slower to inhibit responses than the comparison group on both tasks. Comparison children were faster to inhibit than activate responses on both versions of the task. Children in the ADHD groups also demonstrated this robust pattern on the manual task. However, on the visual task, children in the ADHD groups evidenced slowed inhibition comparable to the time required to activate responding. This implies that the visual task is more sensitive to inhibitory impairment in ADHD than the manual task. The ADHD/I group did not differ from children with ADHD/C on most measures, suggesting that the stop task is not effective in differentiating the subtypes. These findings extend work highlighting the role of disinhibition in ADHD, and contrast recent work suggesting divergence between ADHD subtypes.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Adams, Zachary W.; Milich, Richard; and Fillmore, Mark T., "Examining Manual and Visual Response Inhibition Among ADHD Subtypes" (2010). Psychology Faculty Publications. 5.