The objective of the tall fescue breeding program is the development of varieties characterized by superior nutritive value (including reduced contents of perloline and loline alkaloids and the fungal endophyte, Epichloe typhina, (Acremonium coenophialum), palatability, disease resistance, and adaptation through the utilization of intergeneric and interspecific hybrid derivatives of ryegtass and tall fescue species. Varieties previously released from the breeding program were Kentucky 31, Kenwell; and Kenhy. Johnstone tall fescue, developed cooperatively by the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and USDA-ARS, was released March 1, 1982, as a new variety. Johnstone is characterized as having low levels of perloline alkaloid and the fungal endophyte; Acremonium coenophialum, and improved forage quality during summer. It is expected that seed of Johnstone will be available commercially during 1985, and a good supply should be available for spring and summer 1986 planting.
Buckner, Robert C.; Burrus, Paul B. II; Gay, Nelson; Boling, James A.; and Lacefield, Garry D., "Performance of Tall Fescue Varieties " (1984). Agronomy Notes. 78.