This study investigated gender differences in the perceived “pros” and “cons” of smoking using the constructs of decisional balance (DB) and stage of change from the Transtheoretical Model. The population distribution for stage of change among a population-based, cross-sectional survey of 155 current smokers over 40 years was: precontemplation (22.6%), contemplation (41.9%), preparation (35.5%). Results of stepwise regression models indicated significant gender differences in DB were in the preparation stage of change; scores on the DB measure increased 3.94 points (95% CI: 1.94, 5.93) for male smokers. Interventions targeting the “pros” and “cons” of smoking may need to be gender specific.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Hazen, Dana A.; Mannino, David M.; and Clayton, Richard, "Gender Specific Differences in the Pros and Cons of Smoking Among Current Smokers in Eastern Kentucky: Implications for Future Smoking Cessation Interventions" (2008). Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health Faculty Publications. 43.