BACKGROUND: Subtilisin-like proteases (SLPs) form a superfamily of enzymes that act to degrade protein substrates. In fungi, SLPs can play either a general nutritive role, or may play specific roles in cell metabolism, or as pathogenicity or virulence factors.
RESULTS: Fifteen different genes encoding SLPs were identified in the genome of the grass endophytic fungus Epichloë festucae. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that these SLPs belong to four different subtilisin families: proteinase K, kexin, pyrolysin and subtilisin. The pattern of intron loss and gain is consistent with this phylogeny. E. festucae is exceptional in that it contains two kexin-like genes. Phylogenetic analysis in Hypocreales fungi revealed an extensive history of gene loss and duplication.
CONCLUSION: This study provides new insights into the evolution of the SLP superfamily in filamentous fungi.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Bryant, Michelle K.; Schardl, Christopher L.; Hesse, Uljana; and Scott, Barry, "Evolution of a subtilisin-like protease gene family in the grass endophytic fungus Epichloë festucae" (2009). Plant Pathology Faculty Publications. 21.
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