The double-polarization observable E was studied for the reaction γp → pω using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) in Hall B at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility and the longitudinally polarized frozen-spin target (FROST). The observable was measured from the charged decay mode of the meson, ω → π+π−π0, using a circularly polarized tagged-photon beam with energies ranging from the ω threshold at 1.1 to 2.3 GeV. A partial-wave analysis within the Bonn-Gatchina framework found dominant contributions from the 3/2+ partial wave near threshold, which is identified with the subthreshold N(1720)3/2+ nucleon resonance. To describe the entire data set, which consisted of ω differential cross sections and a large variety of polarization observables, further contributions from other nucleon resonances were found to be necessary. With respect to nonresonant mechanisms, π exchange in the t channel was found to remain small across the analyzed energy range, while Pomeron t-channel exchange gradually grew from the reaction threshold to dominate all other contributions above W ≈ 2 GeV.
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This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics, under Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177. This work was also supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation, the State Committee of Science of the Republic of Armenia, the Chilean Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT), the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, the French Commissariat a l’Energie Atomique, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA), the United Kingdom’s Science and Technology Facilities Council, the National Research Foundation of Korea, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB/TR110), and the Russian Science Foundation under Grant No. 16-12-10267.
Akbar, Z.; Roy, P.; Park, S.; Crede, V.; Anisovich, A. V.; Denisenko, I.; Klempt, E.; Nikonov, V. A.; Sarantsev, A. V.; Adhikari, K. P.; Adhikari, S.; Amaryan, M. J.; Anefalos Pereira, S.; Avakian, H.; Ball, J.; Battaglieri, M.; Batourine, V.; Bedlinskiy, I.; Boiarinov, S.; Briscoe, W. J.; Brock, J.; Brooks, W. K.; Burkert, V. D.; Cao, F. T.; Carlin, C.; Carman, D. S.; Celentano, A.; Charles, G.; Chetry, T.; Ciullo, G.; and Gohn, Wesley P., "Measurement of the Helicity Asymmetry E in ω → π+π−π0 Photoproduction" (2017). Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications. 547.