The unpolarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) differential cross sections in 3He(e,e′π±)X have been measured for the first time in Jefferson Lab experiment E06-010 with a 5.9 GeV e− beam on a 3He gas target. The experiment focuses on the valence quark region, covering a kinematic range 0.12 < xbj < 0.45, 1 < Q2 < 4 (GeV/c)2, 0.45 < zh < 0.65, and 0.05 < Pt < 0.55 GeV/c. The extracted SIDIS differential cross sections of π± production are compared with existing phenomenological models while the 3He nucleus approximated as two protons and one neutron in a plane-wave picture, in multidimensional bins. Within the experimental uncertainties, the azimuthal modulations of the cross sections are found to be consistent with zero.
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This work was supported in part by the US National Science Foundation, and by Department of Energy (DOE) contract number DE-AC05-06OR23177, under which the Jefferson Science Associates operates the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. This work was also supported in part by the US Department of Energy under Contract DE-FG02-03ER41231 and the National Natural Science Foundation of China No. 11120101004.
Yan, X.; Allada, K.; Aniol, K.; Annand, J. R. M.; Averett, T.; Benmokhtar, F.; Bertozzi, W.; Bradshaw, P. C.; Bosted, P.; Camsonne, A.; Canan, M.; Cates, G. D.; Chen, C.; Chen, J. -P.; Chen, W.; Chirapatpimol, K.; Chudakov, E.; Cisbani, E.; Cornejo, J. C.; Cusanno, F.; Dalton, M. M.; Deconinck, W.; de Jager, C. W.; De Leo, R.; Deng, X.; Deur, A.; Ding, H.; Dolph, P. A. M.; Dutta, C.; Dutta, D.; Kolarkar, A.; and Korsch, Wolfgang, "First Measurement of Unpolarized Semi-Inclusive Deep-Inelastic Scattering Cross Sections from a 3He Target" (2017). Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications. 539.