Pristine monolayer graphene exhibits very poor screening because the density of states vanishes at the Dirac point. As a result, charge relaxation is controlled by the effects of zero-point motion (rather than by the Coulomb interaction) over a wide range of parameters. Combined with the fact that graphene possesses finite intrinsic conductivity, this leads to a regime of relaxation described by a nonlinear diffusion equation with a diffusion coefficient that diverges at zero charge density. Some consequences of this fast diffusion are self-similar superdiffusive regimes of relaxation, the development of a charge depleted region at the interface between electron- and hole-rich regions, and finite extinction times for periodic charge profiles.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Kolomeisky, Eugene B. and Straley, Joseph P., "Relaxation of Charge in Monolayer Graphene: Fast Nonlinear Diffusion Versus Coulomb Effects" (2017). Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications. 520.