Authors

L. Adamczyk, AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland
James K. Adkins, University of KentuckyFollow
G. Agakishiev, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia
M. M. Aggarwal, Panjab University, India
Z. Ahammed, Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, India
N. N. Ajitanand, State University of New York - Stony Brook
I. Alekseev, Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Russia
D. M. Anderson, Texas A&M University
R. Aoyama, University of Tsukuba, Japan
A. Aparin, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia
D. Arkhipkin, Brookhaven National Laboratory
E. C. Aschenauer, Brookhaven National Laboratory
M. U. Ashraf, Tsinghua University, China
A. Attri, Panjab University, India
G. S. Averichev, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia
X. Bai, Central China Normal University, China
V. Bairathi, National Institute of Science Education and Research, India
A. Behera, State University of New York - Stony Brook
R. Bellwied, University of Houston
A. Bhasin, University of Jammu, India
A. K. Bhati, Panjab University, India
P. Bhattarai, University of Texas at Austin
J. Bielcik, Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic
J. Bielcikova, Nuclear Physics Institute AS CR, Czech Republic
L. C. Bland, Brookhaven National Laboratory
I. G. Bordyuzhin, Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Russia
J. Bouchet, Kent State University
J. D. Brandenburg, Rice University
A. V. Brandin, National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Russia
D. Brown, Lehigh University
Renee H. Fatemi, University of KentuckyFollow
Suvarna Ramachandran, University of KentuckyFollow

Abstract

We present measurements of bulk properties of the matter produced in Au+Au collisions at √SNN = 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, and 39 GeV using identified hadrons (π±, K±, p, and p¯) from the STAR experiment in the Beam Energy Scan (BES) Program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Midrapidity (|y| < 0.1) results for multiplicity densities dN/dy, average transverse momenta ⟨pT⟩, and particle ratios are presented. The chemical and kinetic freeze-out dynamics at these energies are discussed and presented as a function of collision centrality and energy. These results constitute the systematic measurements of bulk properties of matter formed in heavy-ion collisions over a broad range of energy (or baryon chemical potential) at RHIC.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-13-2017

Notes/Citation Information

Published in Physical Review C, v. 96, issue 4, 044904, p. 1-33.

©2017 American Physical Society

The copyright holder has granted permission for posting the article here.

Due to the large number of authors, only the first 30 and the authors affiliated with the University of Kentucky are listed in the author section above. For the complete list of authors, please download this article or visit: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.96.044904

The authors of this article are collectively known as STAR Collaboration.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.96.044904

Funding Information

We thank the RHIC Operations Group and RCF at BNL, the NERSC Center at LBNL, and the Open Science Grid consortium for providing resources and support. This work was supported in part by the Office of Nuclear Physics within the U.S. DOE Office of Science, the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Chinese Academy of Science, the Ministry of Science and Technology of China and the Chinese Ministry of Education, the National Research Foundation of Korea, GA and MSMT of the Czech Republic, Department of Atomic Energy and Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India, the National Science Centre of Poland, National Research Foundation, the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia, RosAtom of Russia and German Bundesministerium fur Bildung, Wissenschaft, Forschung and Technologie (BMBF), and the Helmholtz Association.

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