L. Adamczyk, AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland
James K. Adkins, University of KentuckyFollow
G. Agakishiev, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia
M. M. Aggarwal, Panjab University, India
Z. Ahammed, Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, India
I. Alekseev, Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Russia
A. Aparin, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia
D. Arkhipkin, Brookhaven National Laboratory
E. C. Aschenauer, Brookhaven National Laboratory
G. S. Averichev, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia
V. Bairathi, National Institute of Science Education and Research, India
A. Banerjee, Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, India
R. Bellwied, University of Houston
A. Bhasin, University of Jammu, India
A. K. Bhati, Panjab University, India
P. Bhattarai, University of Texas
J. Bielcik, Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic
J. Bielcikova, Nuclear Physics Institute AS CR, Czech Republic
L. C. Bland, Brookhaven National Laboratory
I. G. Bordyuzhin, Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Russia
J. Bouchet, Kent State University
A. V. Brandin, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Russia
I. Bunzarov, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia
J. Butterworth, Rice University
H. Caines, Yale University
M. Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, University of California - Davis
J. M. Campbell, Ohio State University
D. Cebra, University of California - Davis
M. C. Cervantes, Texas A & M University - College Station
I. Chakaberia, Brookhaven National Laboratory
Renee H. Fatemi, University of KentuckyFollow
Suvarna Ramachandran, University of KentuckyFollow


We present high precision measurements of elliptic flow near midrapidity (|y| < 1.0) for multistrange hadrons and ϕ meson as a function of centrality and transverse momentum in Au + Au collisions at center of mass energy √sNN = 200  GeV. We observe that the transverse momentum dependence of ϕ and Ω υ2 is similar to that of π and p, respectively, which may indicate that the heavier strange quark flows as strongly as the lighter up and down quarks. This observation constitutes a clear piece of evidence for the development of partonic collectivity in heavy-ion collisions at the top RHIC energy. Number of constituent quark scaling is found to hold within statistical uncertainty for both 0%–30% and 30%–80% collision centrality. There is an indication of the breakdown of previously observed mass ordering between ϕ and proton υ2 at low transverse momentum in the 0%–30% centrality range, possibly indicating late hadronic interactions affecting the proton υ2.

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Published in Physical Review Letters, v. 116, issue 6, 062301, p. 1-7.

© 2016 American Physical Society

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Due to the large number of authors, only the first 30 and the authors affiliated with the University of Kentucky are listed in the author section above. For the complete list of authors, please download this article.

The authors of this article are collectively known as STAR Collaboration.

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We thank the RHIC Operations Group and RCF at BNL, the NERSC Center at LBNL, the KISTI Center in Korea, and the Open Science Grid consortium for providing resources and support. This work was supported in part by the Office of Nuclear Physics within the U.S. DOE Office of Science, the U.S. NSF, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, NSFC, the MoST of China (973 Program No. 2015CB856900), CAS, the MoE of China, the National Research Foundation of Korea, NCKU (Taiwan), GA and MSMT of the Czech Republic, FIAS of Germany, DAE, DST, and UGC of India, the National Science Centre of Poland, National Research Foundation, the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia, and RosAtom of Russia.

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