Sr2IrO4 is a magnetic insulator assisted by strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC) whereas Sr2RuO4 is a p-wave superconductor. The contrasting ground states have been shown to result from the critical role of the strong SOC in the iridate. Our investigation of structural, transport, and magnetic properties reveals that substituting 4dRu4+(4d4) ions for 5dIr4+(5d5) ions in Sr2IrO4 directly adds holes to the t2g bands, reduces the SOC, and thus rebalances the competing energies in single-crystal Sr2Ir1−xRuxO4. A profound effect of Ru doping driving a rich phase diagram is a structural phase transition from a distorted I41/acd to a more ideal I4/mmm tetragonal structure near x=0.50 that accompanies a phase transition from an antiferromagnetic-insulating state to a paramagnetic-metal state. We also make a comparison with Rh-doped Sr2IrO4, highlighting important similarities and differences.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation via Grant No. DMR-1265162 and by the Department of Energy (BES) through Grant No. DE-FG02-98ER45707 (P.S.).
Yuan, Shujuan; Aswartham, Saicharan; Terzic, Jsaminka; Zheng, H.; Zhao, H. D.; Schlottmann, P.; and Cao, Gang, "From Jeff=1/2 Insulator to p-Wave Superconductor in Single-Crystal Sr2Ir1−xRuxO4 (0≤x≤1)" (2015). Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications. 385.