An experiment to measure single-spin asymmetries of semi-inclusive production of charged pions in deep-inelastic scattering on a transversely polarized 3He target was performed at Jefferson Laboratory in the kinematic region of 0.16<x<0.35 and 1.42<2.7 GeV2 Pretzelosity asymmetries on 3He, which are expressed as the convolution of the h⊥1T transverse-momentum-dependent distribution functions and the Collins fragmentation functions in the leading order, were measured for the first time. Under the effective polarization approximation, we extracted the corresponding neutron asymmetries from the measured 3He asymmetries and cross-section ratios between the proton and 3He. Our results show that both π± on 3He and on neutron pretzelosity asymmetries are consistent with zero within experimental uncertainties.
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This work was supported in part by the U.S. National Science Foundation, and by U.S. DOE contract no. DE-AC05-06OR23177, under which Jefferson Science Associates, LLC operates the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. This work was also supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 11135002 and 11120101004.
Allada, K.; Dutta, C.; Kolarkar, A.; Korsch, Wolfgang; Zhang, Y.; Qian, X.; Huang, J.; Katich, J.; Wang, Y.; Aniol, K.; Annand, J. R. M.; and Averett, T., "Measurement of “Pretzelosity” Asymmetry of Charged Pion Production in Semi-Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering on a Polarized 3He Target" (2014). Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications. 305.