Heavy metals, such as arsenic, chromium, cadmium, nickel, mercury, and uranium are known to cause many human diseases and health complications after occupational or environmental exposure. Consequently, metals are environmental health concerns. This manuscript is an overview of the 9th Conference on Metal Toxicity and Carcinogenesis held in October 2016 in Lexington, Kentucky. Since 2000, this biennial meeting brings together experts in the field to discuss current and prospective research in an effort to advance research pertaining to metal toxicity and carcinogenesis. In this review we summarize the major topics discussed and provide insight regarding current research in the field and an account of the direction in which the field is progressing.

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Published in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, v. 331, p. 1-5.

© 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

This manuscript version is made available under the CC‐BY‐NC‐ND 4.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.

The document available for download is the author's post-peer-review final draft of the article.

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The 9th Conference on Metal Toxicity and Carcinogenesis was supported by a conference grant from the NIH/National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences [R13 ES027336-01], and by the University of Kentucky’s Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky Office of Vice President for Research and the University New Mexico’s College of Pharmacy, Health Sciences Center.