Suicidal behavior in youth is not uncommon and currently one of the leading causes of death in adolescence in many countries around the world. Individual risk factors for suicidality in youth include: psychiatric disorder; certain personality characteristics; genetics; gender; sexual orientation; and previous suicide attempts. Family psychopathology and environmental factors such as media contagion also contribute as risk factors. Developmental issues, including: the establishment of independence and intimate relationships; as well as the pursuit of personal and career goals; may also provide stressors leading to suicidality. Prevention and intervention strategies are considered and include: early detection and treatment of mental disorders that increase suicide risk; increasing mental health services; training non-mental health professionals to assess for suicidality in young people; and providing post-attempt assessment and treatment.

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Published in Current Issues and Controversies in School and Community Health, Sport and Physical Education, Jennifer A. O'Dea (Ed.), p. 15-22.

©2012 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

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