BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acid/base and electrolytes could provide clinically valuable information about cerebral infarct core and penumbra. We evaluated associations between acid/base and electrolyte changes and outcomes in 2 rat models of stroke, permanent, and transient middle cerebral artery occlusion.
METHODS: Three-month old Sprague-Dawley rats underwent permanent or transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. Pre- and post-middle cerebral artery occlusion venous samples for permanent and transient models provided pH, carbon dioxide, oxygen, glucose, and electrolyte values of ionized calcium, potassium, and sodium. Multiple regression determined predictors of infarct volume from these values, and Kaplan-Meier curve analyzed morality between permanent and transient middle cerebral artery occlusion models.
RESULTS: Analysis indicated significant differences in the blood gas and electrolytes between pre- to post-middle cerebral artery occlusion. A decrease in pH and sodium with increases in carbon dioxide, potassium, ionized calcium, and glucose changes were found in both middle cerebral artery occlusion models; while hematocrit and hemoglobin were significant in the transient model. pH and ionized calcium were predictors of infarct volume in the permanent model, as changes in pH and ionized calcium decreased, infarct volume increased.
CONCLUSIONS: There are acute changes in acid/base balance and electrolytes during stroke in transient and permanent rodent models. Additionally, we found pH and ionized calcium changes predicted stroke volume in the permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion model. These preliminary findings are novel, and warrant further exploration in human conditions.
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This work was supported by National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), grant number NS091146.
Martha, Sarah R.; Collier, Lisa A.; Davis, Stephanie M.; Seifert, Hilary A.; Leonardo, Christopher C.; Ajmo, Craig T.; Foran, Elspeth A.; Fraser, Justin F.; and Pennypacker, Keith R., "Translational Evaluation of Acid/Base and Electrolyte Alterations in Rodent Model of Focal Ischemia" (2018). Neurology Faculty Publications. 69.