After enduring a decade of economic, climatic, and political problems, between 1999 and 2006, more than 900,000 Ecuadorians left their country (INEC 2007). This process marked the beginning of a major migratory movement which has caused Spain to become a premier destination. The response to such migration has been disparate, yet both Ecuadorian and Spanish artists (as well as the Spanish press) have shown the different perspectives related to a discriminatory ideology. This article focuses on the representation of Ecuadorians in Spain in the 21st century. Despite the large production of novels related to this topic, the one that best represents it corresponds to La utopía de Madrid (2013) written by the Ecuadorian author Carlos Carrión. Using the theories of Critical Discourse Analysis developed by scholars Teun Van Dijk (1999, 2007, 2009) and Antonio Bañón Hernández (2006), the article aims to show how Ecuadorians are represented in the modern Spanish society focusing on the (mis)use of discourse to describe them. Finally, the conclusion provides an understanding of how the creation of cultural products such as the one analyzed has shaped an ideology in Spaniards’ and foreigners’ minds throughout the years and what needs to be addressed in order to obtain equal social status among native and minority groups.
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"¿Poder del discurso o discurso de poder? La representación de los migrantes ecuatorianos en La utopía de Madrid,"
Nomenclatura: aproximaciones a los estudios hispánicos: Vol. 7, Article 2.
Available at: https://uknowledge.uky.edu/naeh/vol7/iss1/2