Despite progress in laser-based and computational tools, an accessible model that relies on fundamentals and offers a reasonably accurate estimation of droplet size and velocity is lacking, primarily due to entangled complex breakup mechanisms. Therefore, this study aims at using the integral form of the conservation equations to create a system of equations by solving which, the far-field secondary atomization can be analyzed through predicting droplet size and velocity distributions of the involved phases. To validate the model predictions, experiments are conducted at ambient conditions using water, methanol, and acetone as model fluids with varying formulation properties, such as density, viscosity, and surface tension. Droplet size distribution and velocity are measured with laser diffraction and a high-speed camera, respectively. Finally, an attempt is made to utilize non-scaled parameters to characterize the atomization process, useful for extrapolating the sensitivity analysis to other scales. The merit of this model lies in its simplicity for use in process control and optimization.

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Published in Fluids, v. 5, issue 4, 231.

© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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Funding from IR4TD at University of Kentucky.