Year of Publication

2014

Degree Name

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (MSME)

Document Type

Master's Thesis

College

Engineering

Department

Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. Kozo Saito

Second Advisor

Dr. Nelson Akafuah

Abstract

Drop-on-demand (DOD) inkjet print-head has a major share of the market due to simplicity and feasibility of miniature system. The efficiency of droplet generation from DOD print-head is a result of several factors, include viscosity, surface tension, nozzle size, density, driving waveform (wave shape, frequency, and amplitude), etc. Key roles in the formation and behavior of liquid jets and drops combine three dimensionless groups: Reynolds number, Weber number and Ohnesorge number. These dimensionless groups provide some bounds to the “printability” of the liquid. Adequate understanding of these parameters is essential to improve the quality of droplets and provide guidelines for the process optimization. This thesis research describes the application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to simulate the creation and evolution process of droplet generation and transport of a highly viscous Newtonian fluid. The flow field is governed by unsteady Navier-Stokes equations. Volume of Fluid (VOF) model is used to solve this multi-phase (liquid-gas) problem.

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