Year of Publication


Degree Name

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (MSME)

Document Type

Master's Thesis




Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. Kozo Saito


AISI 4140 alloy steel has been a very common material to be investigated in automotive and aerospace industries for several decades. AISI 4140 alloy steel is chromium, molybdenum, and manganese containing low alloy steel. It has high fatigue strength, abrasion and impact resistance, toughness, and torsional strength. The functional performance is largely determined by the surface states after machining.

The aim of the present study is to explore the polishing methods and surface analysis after machining AISI 4140 alloy steel in different cutting speeds and cooling conditions. The surface analysis includes surface roughness, hardness and residual stresses. Compared to traditional polishing, an innovative experimental work was conducted on electro-polishing technology for removing surface layer before subsurface residual stress measurement.

The results of this work show that the electro-polishing method is a significant approach for the residual stress analysis. High cutting speed and cooling conditions can improve the surface quality to achieve lower surface roughness, higher microhardness and more compressive residual stresses after machining AISI 4140 alloy steel.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

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