Land judging is a way of appraising the physical nature and capability of soils. Certain soil properties, such as slope, depth and color, and others that can be seen, felt or measured, are reliable indicators of soil characteristics.
Ritchey, Edwin L.; Ditsch, David C.; Pearce, Robert C.; McGrath, Joshua M.; and Gehring, David, "4-H Land Judging in Kentucky " (2015). 4-H Youth Development Publications. 7.