A questionnaire was sent to the states concerning problems with bridge approaches. Seven questions were included in the survey, including questions on the use of integral end bents and spread footers. This report summarizes the responses. Appendix A contains the detailed responses received, and Appendix B contains specifications and standard drawings used by some of the states.
Digital Object Identifier
Allen, David L., "A Survey of the States on Problems Related to Bridge Approaches" (1985). Kentucky Transportation Center Research Report. 766.