Four different methods of evaluating subgrade support under flexible pavements were studied: (1) Field CBR; (2) North Dakota Cone; (3) Bearing Plates; and (4) Laboratory CBR.

Approximately 435 miles of flexible pavements in Kentucky were represented. The roads were selected so as to give a wide range in conditions of traffic, soil areas, and design. A total of 185 locations were investigated, and 338 cone tests, 291 field CBR's, and 117 series of plate tests were conducted. There were 178 subgrade samples for which the laboratory CBR test was conducted. Undisturbed samples for future triaxial tests were obtained at 21 locations.

Subgrade moisture variation was considered. Traffic was determined by loadometer surveys and use of traffic flow maps.

For the traffic imposed, adequacy of the designs -- as indicated by the presence or absence of base failures was evaluated from the standpoint of subgrade support measured by the four methods of test. Comparisons among the various methods of test in determining the subgrade support were made. The ultimate objective is a design criteria for flexible pavements in Kentucky.

Report Date


Report Number

No. 41

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