Public involvement in the design of complex public infrastructure solutions, such as a new light rail line, including stops, stations and transit centers, and associated Transit- Oriented Developments (TOD), often relies on lengthy public meetings during which the complexities and subtleties of design preferences, their articulation and communication is overwhelming to both participants and design professionals. Such gatherings can produce more confusion than clarity for the public and design professional alike, especially when strong personalities highlight differences and discourage compromise and consensus. More effective methods of discerning, developing and evaluating the nature of the public’s different preferences and perspectives, without fostering destructive confrontations, are desirable.
The Transit Authority of River City’s (TARC) Transportation Tomorrow (T2) Light Rail Project is collaborating on the community-based design of a transit oriented district planned for the South Central Corridor, Louisville, KY., with the Policy and Systems Analysis Team of the University of Kentucky’s (UK)Transportation Research Center, and UK’s College of Architecture, and the Urban Design Studio in Louisville in combining virtual reality and other visualization techniques with cutting-edge decision modeling tools. Neighborhood residents provide their input to professionals through the use of anonymous electronic scoring keypads, after having helped the professionals develop the design issues about which they are queried. The public’s input is modeled mathematically to help architects, planners and other design professionals understand the precise nature of their design preferences, which then becomes one aspect of the design problem. While these user-friendly electronic gadgets are novel in themselves, it is their judicious use that enables more effective input, especially from less vocal participants. They can transform potential confrontation scenarios into collective learning experiences for the public. Members of the local community are able to quickly and easily express their views and preferences, while learning about the significant aspects of the design problem. In turn, their preferences are clearly documented and modeled so as to be useful to the design professionals charged with producing the ultimate design solution.
Used properly, this Next Generation of Technological Aids:
- Empowers the public participant, by providing a coherent method of both educating and soliciting input
- Gives the design professional measurable, qualitative information she/he can interpret and utilize in the design process
- Moves the design discussion from a personality conflict to a problem solution context
- Gives the public confidence that they can effectively contribute to the process
- Enhances public willingness to participate in future processes
- Makes community meetings more time-efficient
Arno Anneta, C. Anneta; Bailey, Keiron; and Grossardt, Ted H., "Developing the Next Generation of Technological Aids to Effective Public Involvement in Public Transportation Planning & Design" (2003). Kentucky Transportation Center Faculty and Researcher Publications. 6.