Background: There is a paucity of data on the role of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) in patients with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). Using the CIBMTR registry, we report here the outcomes of AITL patients undergoing an allo-HCT.
Methods: We evaluated 249 adult AITL patients who received their first allo-HCT during 2000–2016.
Results: The median patient age was 56 years (range = 21–77). Majority of the patients were Caucasians (86%), with a male predominance (60%). Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis was predominantly calcineurin inhibitor-based approaches while the most common graft source was peripheral blood (97%). Median follow-up of survivors was 49 months (range = 4–170 months). The cumulative incidence of grade 2–4 and grade 3–4 acute GVHD at day 180 were 36% (95% CI = 30–42) and 12 (95% CI = 8–17), respectively. The cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD at 1 year was 49% (95%CI 43–56). The 1-year non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 19% (95% CI = 14–24), while the 4-year relapse/progression, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were 21% (95% CI = 16–27), 49% (95% CI = 42–56), and 56% (95% CI = 49–63), respectively. On multivariate analysis, chemoresistant status at the time of allo-HCT was associated with a significantly higher risk for therapy failure (inverse of PFS) (RR = 1.73 95% CI = 1.08–2.77), while KPS < 90% was associated with a significantly higher risk of mortality (inverse of OS) (RR = 3.46 95% CI = 1.75–6.87).
Conclusion: Our analysis shows that allo-HCT provides durable disease control even in AITL patients who failed a prior auto-HCT and in those subjects with refractory disease at the time of allografting.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
The CIBMTR is supported by Public Health Service Grant/Cooperative Agreement U24-CA076518 from the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID); a Grant/Cooperative Agreement 5U10HL069294 from NHLBI and NCI; a contract HHSH250201200016C with Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA/DHHS); two Grants N00014-13-1-0039 and N00014-14-1-0028 from the Office of Naval Research; and grants from Actinium Pharmaceuticals; Allos Therapeutics, Inc.; Amgen, Inc.; Anonymous donation to the Medical College of Wisconsin; Ariad; Be the Match Foundation; Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association; Celgene Corporation; Chimerix, Inc.; Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center; Fresenius-Biotech North America, Inc.; Gamida Cell Teva Joint Venture Ltd.; Genentech, Inc.; Gentium SpA; Genzyme Corporation; GlaxoSmithKline; Health Research, Inc. Roswell Park Cancer Institute; HistoGenetics, Inc.; Incyte Corporation; Jeff Gordon Children’s Foundation; Kiadis Pharma; The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society; Medac GmbH; The Medical College of Wisconsin; Merck & Co, Inc.; Millennium: The Takeda Oncology Co.; Milliman USA, Inc.; Miltenyi Biotec, Inc.; National Marrow Donor Program; Onyx Pharmaceuticals; Optum Healthcare Solutions, Inc.; Osiris Therapeutics, Inc.; Otsuka America Pharmaceutical, Inc.; Perkin Elmer, Inc.; Remedy Informatics; Sanofi US; Seattle Genetics; Sigma-Tau Pharmaceuticals; Soligenix, Inc.; St. Baldrick’s Foundation; StemCyte, A Global Cord Blood Therapeutics Co.; Stemsoft Software, Inc.; Swedish Orphan Biovitrum; Tarix Pharmaceuticals; TerumoBCT; Teva Neuroscience, Inc.; THERAKOS, Inc.; University of Minnesota; University of Utah; and Wellpoint, Inc.
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Epperla, Narendranath; Ahn, Kwang W.; Litovich, Carlos; Ahmed, Sairah; Battiwalla, Minoo; Cohen, Jonathon B.; Dahi, Parastoo; Farhadfar, Nosha; Farooq, Umar; Freytes, Cesar O.; Ghosh, Nilanjan; Haverkos, Bradley; Herrera, Alex; Hertzberg, Mark; Hildebrandt, Gerhard C.; Inwards, David; Kharfan-Dabaja, Mohamed A.; Khimani, Farhad; Lazarus, Hillard; Lazaryan, Aleksandr; Lekakis, Lazaros; Murthy, Hemant; Nathan, Sunita; Nishihori, Taiga; Pawarode, Attaphol; Prestidge, Tim; Ramakrishnan, Praveen; Rezvani, Andrew R.; Romee, Rizwan; and Shah, Nirav N., "Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Provides Effective Salvage Despite Refractory Disease or Failed Prior Autologous Transplant in Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma: A CIBMTR Analysis" (2019). Internal Medicine Faculty Publications. 193.