Track 1-03

The 22rd International Grassland Congress (Revitalising Grasslands to Sustain Our Communities) took place in Sydney, Australia from September 15 through September 19, 2013.
Proceedings Editors: David L. Michalk, Geoffrey D. Millar, Warwick B. Badgery, and Kim M. Broadfoot
Publisher: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry, Kite St., Orange New South Wales, Australia

22nd International Grassland Congress Theme 1:
Improving Production Efficiency to Revitalise Grasslands:
Development, Use and Impact of Improved Plants:
Development and Impact of Sown Temperate Species

Global Impact of Sown Temperate Pastures on Productivity and Ecosystem Stability–What Progress Have We Made?

E. Charles Brummer, The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation

Commercialisation and Impacts of Pasture Legumes in Southern Australia–Lessons Learnt

Clinton K. Revell, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
Michael A. Ewing, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
Daniel Real, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
Phillip G. H. Nichols, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
Graeme A. Sandral, Future Farm Industries Co-operative Research Centre, Australia

Widening the Adaptation of White Clover by Incorporation of Valuable New Traits from Wild Clover Species

W. M. Williams, AgResearch, New Zealand
Isabelle M. Verry, AgResearch, New Zealand
S. W. Hussain, AgResearch, New Zealand
H. A. Ansari, AgResearch, New Zealand
K. H. Widdup, AgResearch, New Zealand
N. W. Ellison, AgResearch, New Zealand
Shirley N. Nichols, AgResearch, New Zealand

Ninety Years of Perennial Forage Grass Breeding for the Canadian Prairie Provinces

Bruce Coulman, University of Saskatchewan, Canada
Paul Jefferson, Western Beef Development Centre, Canada

Adaptability and Extension Activity of Dwarf Napiergrass in Southern Kyushu and Elsewhere since Its Introduction to Japan 15 Years Ago

Yasuyuki Ishii, University of Miyazaki, Japan
Dong-Jin Kang, Hirosaki University, Japan
Asuka Yamano, University of Miyazaki, Japan
Sachiko Idota, University of Miyazaki, Japan
Kiichi Fukuyama, University of Miyazaki, Japan

Breeding Forage Legumes to Complement Warm Season Perennial Grass Pastures in the US Southern Region

Gerald R. Smith, Texas A&M University
F. M. Rouquette Jr., Texas A&M University

Genetic Maps of Diploid Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.)

Wengang Xie, Lanzhou University, China
Xinquan Zhang, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Linkai Huang, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Peng Yan, Sichuan Agricultural University, China

Tedera: From a Promising Novel Species to a Commercial Pasture Option for Mediterranean Southern Australia

Daniel Real, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
Chris Oldham, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
Matthew N. Nelson, The University of Western Australia, Australia
Janine Croser, The University of Western Australia, Australia
Marie-Claire Castello, The University of Western Australia, Australia
Steve Gherardi, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
John Finlayson, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
Clinton K. Revell, Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, Australia
Aneeta Pradhan, The University of Western Australia, Australia
Graham O'Hara, Murdoch University, Australia
Enrique Correal, Instituto Murciano de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario, Spain

Hybrid and Perennial Tetraploid Ryegrasses Are at least as Productive and Persistent as Perennial Diploids in Dryland Conditions in Northern Tasmania

Pedro M. Evans, DLF Seeds, New Zealand
Eric J. Hall

Fodder Yield and Quality of Lucerne (Medicago sativa) Grown as Pure Stands and in Mixture with Oats (Avena sativa), Mustard (Brassica campestris) and Ryegrass (Lolium perenne) under Different Cutting Managements

Balwinder Kumar, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, India
U. S. Tiwana, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, India
Ajaib Singh, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, India

Dry Matter Yield of Perennial Ryegrass Cultivars under Mechanical Cutting and Animal Grazing

Patrick A. Cashman, Teagasc, Ireland
Trevor J. Gilliland, Teagasc, Ireland
Michael O’Donovan, Teagasc, Ireland
Marion Beecher, Teagasc, Ireland
Mary McEvoy, Teagasc, Ireland

Trifolium occidentale: A Valuable Genetic Resource for White Clover Improvement

Syed W. Hussain, AgResearch, New Zealand
Warren M. Williams, AgResearch, New Zealand

Ryegrass Seeding Rate Alters Plant Morphology and Size–Possible Implications for Pasture Persistence

Julia M. Lee, DairyNZ Ltd., New Zealand
Errol R. Thom, DairyNZ Ltd., New Zealand
David F. Chapman, DairyNZ Ltd., New Zealand
Kate T. Wynn, DairyNZ Ltd., New Zealand
Deanne Waugh, DairyNZ Ltd., New Zealand
Laura Rossi, DairyNZ Ltd., New Zealand

Perennial Legume Swards for Organic Farming System in Lithuania

Jonas Slepetys, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Lithuania
Alvyra Slepetiene, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Lithuania

Pattern of Hard Seed Breakdown in Some Annual Self-Reseeding Legumes under Mediterranean Field Conditions

Claudio Porqueddu, CNR-ISPAAM, Italy
Antonio Franca, CNR-ISPAAM, Italy
Rita A. M. Melis, CNR-ISPAAM, Italy
Leonardo Sulas, CNR-ISPAAM, Italy
Giovanni A. Re, CNR-ISPAAM, Italy

Biomass Yield and Nutritive Quality of Panicum maximum in the Natural Pastures during the Dry Season in Abeokuta, Nigeria

Adetayo B. Adekeye, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Olufemi S. Onifade, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Jimoh A. Olanite, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria
Olubukola A. Isah, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria

Physiological Characterization of Cut-to-Cut Yield Variations of Alfalfa Genotypes under Controlled Greenhouse Conditions

Defeng Li, Henan Agricultural University, China
Baoluo Ma, Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Centre, Canada
Chengzhang Wang, Henan Agricultural University, China
Pufang Li, Eastern Cereal and Oilseed Research Centre, Canada

Simulating Tall Fescue Pasture Growth in Argentina

Horacio Berger, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
Claudio F. Machado, UNICEN, Argentina
Mónica G. Agnusdei, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Argentina
Brendan R. Cullen, University of Melbourne, Australia

Three Dimensional (3D) Reconstruction of Subterranean Clover

Helen G. Daily, CSIRO Plant Industry, Australia
Jianming Guo, CSIRO Plant Industry, Australia
Xavier R. R. Sirault, CSIRO Plant Industry, Australia

Selection for Improved Saccharification Efficiency in Alfalfa Stems Assessed by Enzyme-Released Glucose

Annick Bertrand, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Yves Castonguay, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Réal Michaud, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada
Marc-Olivier Duceppe, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada

Characterization of Landraces of Lotus corniculatus L. in Uruguay

Mónica Rebuffo, INIA, Uruguay
María José Cuitiño, INIA, Uruguay

Relationship between Genetic Origin and Characterization of Varieties of Lotus corniculatus L. in Uruguay

María José Cuitiño, INIA, Uruguay
Mónica Rebuffo, INIA, Uruguay

New Herbaceous Perennial Legumes in Dryland Mediterranean Agroecosystems: Pasture Persistence and Productivity

Viviana Barahona, INIA, Chile
Carlos Ovalle, INIA, Chile
Alejandro del Pozo, Universidad de Talca, Chile
Soledad Espinoza, INIA, Chile
Fernando Squella, INIA, Chile
Fernando Fernandez, INIA, Chile
Macarena Gerding, Universidad de Concepción, Chile

Transferring Simple Sequence Repeat Molecular Markers from a Model to Cultivated Lotus Species: Genetic Diversity in an Association Mapping Population of Lotus tenuis

Luis Inostroza, INIA, Chile
Hernán Acuña, Universidad de Concepción, Chile

Global Illumina Sequencing and the Development of EST-SSR Markers in Alfalfa

Zhipeng Liu, Lanzhou University, China
Yanrong Wang, Lanzhou University, China

Timely Autumn Seeding of Annual Ryegrass Is Essential for High Yield

Jennifer M. Johnson, Auburn University
Edzard van Santen, Auburn University

Methods of Ryegrass Establishment (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) Affecting Optimal Sward Height to Maximize the Intake Rate

Delma Fabíola Ferreira da Silva, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Lidiane Fonseca, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Carolina Bremm, Agricultural and Livestock Research Foundation, Brazil
Anibal de Moraes, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Alda Monteiro, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Hélio Mayer, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Thiago Marzarotto, Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
Paulo César de Faccio Carvalho, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Genetic Diversity and Relationships in Cocksfoot by Molecular Markers

Bing Zeng, Southwest University (Rongchang), China
Fu-yuan Zuo, Southwest University (Rongchang), China
Xinquan Zhang, Sichuan Agricultural University, China
Liang Huan, Sichuan Agricultural University, China

Development of New, High Yielding Tropical Grass Varieties for Increasing Productivity of Semi-Arid Grasslands in India

Ajoy K. Roy, Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India
D. R. Malaviya, Indian Grassland & Fodder Research Institute, India
P. Kaushal, Indian Grassland & Fodder Research Institute, India
Sunil Kumar, Indian Grassland & Fodder Research Institute, India
S. Ahmed, Indian Grassland & Fodder Research Institute, India