Year of Publication



Arts and Sciences



Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts

Faculty Advisor

Dr. Kate Leger


It is inevitable that every human will encounter many stressors in their life, so research on this topic is generalizable to many and carries a heavy weight. While facing one small stressor may not be enough to have a significant impact, it is the degree of the stressors and the response to them that can dictate whether or not it leads to serious consequences (WHO). Stress can be characterized as a stressor or combined stressors that lead to physical, emotional, and mental strain (WHO). It is important that we know the ways in which to best recover from stress, otherwise it could lead to more severe negative health outcomes (Lease et al., 2019). There are different ways to implement stress recovery that can be beneficial. Mindfulness has been shown to be effective in emotional recovery from negative affect (Crosswell et al., 2017). More research is needed on how certain traits interact with the certain ways of recovering from stress. For example, how might rumination play a role in the effectiveness of mindfulness in times of stress? Some people have higher tendencies to ruminate, and high trait rumination has been linked to prolonged negative affect (NA) which prolongs the stress response (Key et al., 2008). In the current study, we examined the role of a brief mindfulness intervention on affective and physiological recovery from a stressful task. Additionally, we examined if trait rumination moderated the associations between mindfulness and stress recovery.