Aim of the study: Most survivors of an in-hospital cardiac arrest do not leave the hospital alive, and there is a need for a more patient-centered, holistic approach to the assessment of prognosis after an arrest. We sought to identify pre-, peri-, and post-arrest variables associated with in-hospital mortality amongst survivors of an in-hospital cardiac arrest.
Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients ≥18 years of age who were resuscitated from an in-hospital arrest at our University Medical Center from January 1, 2013 to September 31, 2016. In-hospital mortality was chosen as a primary outcome and unfavorable discharge disposition (discharge disposition other than home or skilled nursing facility) as a secondary outcome.
Results: 925 patients comprised the in-hospital arrest cohort with 305 patients failing to survive the arrest and a further 349 patients surviving the initial arrest but dying prior to hospital discharge, resulting in an overall survival of 29%. 620 patients with a ROSC of greater than 20 min following the in-hospital arrest were included in the final analysis. In a stepwise multivariable regression analysis, recurrent cardiac arrest, increasing age, time to ROSC, higher serum creatinine levels, and a history of cancer were predictors of in-hospital mortality. A history of hypertension was found to exert a protective effect on outcomes. In the regression model including serum lactate, increasing lactate levels were associated with lower odds of survival.
Conclusion: Amongst survivors of in-hospital cardiac arrest, recurrent cardiac arrest was the strongest predictor of poor outcomes with age, time to ROSC, pre-existing malignancy, and serum creatinine levels linked with increased odds of in-hospital mortality.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
The project described was supported by the University of Kentucky Center for Health Services Research Data, Analytics, and Statistical Core.
Alnabelsi, Talal; Annabathula, Rahul; Shelton, Julie; Paranzino, Marc; Faulkner, Sarah Price; Cook, Matthew; Dugan, Adam J.; Nerusu, Sethabhisha; Smyth, Susan S.; and Gupta, Vedant A., "Predicting in-Hospital Mortality After an in-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Multivariate Analysis" (2020). Gill Heart & Vascular Institute Faculty Publications. 26.