Year of Publication

2007

Document Type

Thesis

College

Engineering

Department

Electrical Engineering

First Advisor

Hastings

Second Advisor

J. Todd

Abstract

L-glutamate plays a vital role in central nervous system. It is a neurotransmitterassociated with several neurological disorders like Parkinson's disease, epilepsyand stroke. Continuous and fast monitoring of this neurotransmitter has become amajor concern for neuroscientists throughout the world. A simple, sensitive, and reliable L-glutamate microsensor with short responsetime has been developed using ceramic-based microelectrode arrays with platinum recording sites. The electrodes were modified by electrodeposition of Platinum black (Pt-black) to detect hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) which was produced by enzymatic reactions of glutamate oxidase immobilized on the electrode surface. Modification of Pt electrodes with Pt-black has been adoptedbecause the microscale roughness of Pt-black increases the effective surface area of the electrode and promotes efficiency of H2O2 electro-oxidation. The modified Pt recording sites were coated with m-phenylenediamine (mPD) and L-glutamate oxidase (L-GluOx). mPD acts as an barrier for extracellular interferents such as ascorbic acid and dopamine, thus increasing the selectivity of electrode for Glutamate (Glu). This modified microsensor was highly sensitive to H2O2(686.3??156.48 ??AmM-1cm-2), and Glutamate (492.2??112.67 ??AmM-1cm-2) at 700mV versus Ag/AgCl reference. Deposition of Pt nano-particles on recording sites enhanced the sensitivity to H2O2 by 2 times and the sensitivity to glutamate by 1.5 times.

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