Year of Publication

2007

Document Type

Thesis

College

Agriculture

Department

Animal Science

First Advisor

Donald G. Ely

Abstract

Two studies were conducted to compare nitrogen (N) and glutamate metabolism in Polypay and percentage White Dorper lambs.First, a two-phase digestion/N metabolism trial was conducted with 18 wether lambs of three genetic types: Polypay (PP), 1/2 White Dorper 1/2 Polypay (1/2 D), and 3/4 White Dorper 1/4 Polypay (3/4 D). Six lambs of each genetic type were fed a high roughage diet (HR; Phase 1) or high concentrate diet (HC; Phase 2). DM and N digestion was higher for 1/2 D than PP or 3/4 D fed HC. N retention was highest for 1/2 D regardless of diet.The second study analyzed the effect of genetic type on glutamate transporter and metabolizing enzyme expression in liver, kidney, longissimus dorsi muscle (LD muscle), and subcutaneous fat (Sub Q Fat) tissue of 18 wether lambs of three genetic types: PP, 1/2 D, and 15 /16 White Dorper 1/16 Polypay (15 /16 D). Tissue samples were analyzed for protein and mRNA content of GS, GDH, ALT, EAAC1, and GLT-1. Glutamate transport and metabolism capacity was lowest for the heavier muscled 15 /16 D lambs.The results suggest genetic type has an effect on N metabolism due to differential expression of glutamate transporters and metabolizing enzymes.

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