Year of Publication

2007

Document Type

Thesis

College

Graduate School

Department

Nutritional Sciences

First Advisor

Daret K. St. Clair

Abstract

The tumor suppressor p53 has a close relation with reactive oxygen species (ROS). As an indispensable component of the cellular redox system, ROS not only have been established to be involved in p53-dependent apoptosis, but also regulate p53 activity. Recent studies revealed several novel actions of p53, such as transactivation of antioxidative proteins, mitochondria translocation and inhibition of glycolysis. The fate of cells where p53 signaling pathways are initiated is either survival or death. In this review, we examine the hypothesis that ROS regulate cell fate through p53, in a way that physiological ROS levels trigger the protective pathways, while p53 behaves more like a cell killer under cytotoxic oxidative stress.

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