Date Available


Year of Publication


Degree Name

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE)

Document Type





Electrical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. J. Robert Heath

Second Advisor

Dr. Daniel Lau


Digital halftoning is a crucial technique used in digital printers to convert a continuoustone image into a pattern of black and white dots. Halftoning is used since printers have a limited availability of inks and cannot reproduce all the color intensities in a continuous image. Error Diffusion is an algorithm in halftoning that iteratively quantizes pixels in a neighborhood dependent fashion. This thesis focuses on the development and design of a parallel scalable hardware architecture for high performance implementation of a high quality Stacked Error Diffusion algorithm. The algorithm is described in ‘C’ and requires a significant processing time when implemented on a conventional CPU. Thus, a new hardware processor architecture is developed to implement the algorithm and is implemented to and tested on a Xilinx Virtex 5 FPGA chip. There is an extraordinary decrease in the run time of the algorithm when run on the newly proposed parallel architecture implemented to FPGA technology compared to execution on a single CPU. The new parallel architecture is described using the Verilog Hardware Description Language. Post-synthesis and post-implementation, performance based Hardware Description Language (HDL), simulation validation of the new parallel architecture is achieved via use of the ModelSim CAD simulation tool.