Year of Publication


Document Type





Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor

Marwan Khraisheh


Friction stir processing (FSP) has recently become an effective microstructural modifications technique. Reported results showed that for different alloys, FSP produces very fine equiaxed and homogeneous grain structure. FSP is considered to be a new processing technique and more experimental and analytical investigations are needed to advance the industrial utilization of FSP. Most of the work that has been done in the friction stir processing field is experimental and limited modeling activities have been conducted. Attempts to develop a predictive model to correlate the resulting microstructure with process parameters are scarce. In this work, commercial 5052 Aluminum alloy sheets are friction stir processed at different rotational and translational speeds. The effects of process parameters on the resulting microstructure and mechanical properties are investigated. The results show that FSP produces very fine and homogenous grain structure, and it is observed that smaller grain size structure is obtained at lower rotational speeds. It is also observed that the hardness of the processed sheet depends strongly on the rotational and translational speeds and varies widely within the processed region. The results suggest that the temperature achieved during processing plays an important role in determining the microstructure and properties of the processed sheet. In addition, a new modeling approach based on experiments and theory is proposed to predict the grain size of the friction stir processed material as a function of process parameters. The proposed approach involves determination of the strain rate distribution in the processed (deformation) zone based on the velocity fields of the material and correlating the strain rate distribution with the average grain size of the resulting microstructure using Zener-Holloman parameter.