Year of Publication

2004

Document Type

Thesis

College

Arts and Sciences

Department

Geology

First Advisor

Edward W. Woolery

Abstract

Seven and a half kilometers of high-resolution SH-wave seismic reflection profiles were collected across the Mt. Vernon graben, a 35 km by 3 km graben (bounded by the Wabash Island (WIF) and Hovey Lake faults (HLF)) in the southern Wabash Valley fault system (WVFS) of southern Indiana. Forty-six discrete faults were imaged that displaced Quaternary horizons in the vicinity of the WIF and HLF. The structural styles associated with faults include: 1) normal displacement, 2) reverse displacement and other compressional features, 3) varying magnitudes of slip along fault planes, and 4) different senses of slip along individual fault planes. Carbon 14 dating of displaced horizons suggests movement between approximately 26,000 and 42,000 YBP. The style and timing of Quaternary deformation within the WVFS, the close association of soil faults to documented post-Pennsylvanian bedrock faults (HLF and WIF), and focal mechanism studies of current seismicity in the Wabash Valley seismic zone are all direct evidence that the extensionally-formed faults of the WVFS are being transpressionally reactivated: a manner consistent with the current east-northeast westsouthwest regional compressive stress field.

Share

COinS