Year of Publication
Kevin D. Donohue
Currently technologies such as EEG, EMG and EOG recordings are the established methods used in the analysis of sleep. But if these methods are to be employed to study sleep in rodents, extensive surgery and recovery is involved which can be both time consuming and costly. This thesis presents and analyzes a cost effective, non-invasive, high throughput system for detecting the sleep and wake patterns in mice using a piezoelectric sensor. This sensor was placed at the bottom of the mice cages to monitor the movements of the mice. The thesis work included the development of the instrumentation and signal acquisition system for recording the signals critical to sleep and wake classification. Classification of the mouse sleep and wake states were studied for a linear classifier and a Neural Network classifier based on 23 features extracted from the Power Spectrum (PS), Generalized Spectrum (GS), and Autocorrelation (AC) functions of short data intervals. The testing of the classifiers was done on two data sets collected from two mice, with each data set having around 5 hours of data. A scoring of the sleep and wake states was also done via human observation to aid in the training of the classifiers. The performances of these two classifiers were analyzed by looking at the misclassification error of a set of test features when run through a classifier trained by a set of training features. The best performing features were selected by first testing each of the 23 features individually in a linear classifier and ranking them according to their misclassification rate. A test was then done on the 10 best individually performing features where they were grouped in all possible combinations of 5 features to determine the feature combinations leading to the lowest error rates in a multi feature classifier. From this test 5 features were eventually chosen to do the classification. It was found that the features related to the signal energy and the spectral peaks in the 3Hz range gave the lowest errors. Error rates as low as 4% and 9% were achieved from a 5-feature linear classifier for the two data sets. The error rates from a 5-feature Neural Network classifier were found to be 6% and 12% respectively for these two data sets.
Medonza, Dharshan C., "AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF SLEEP AND WAKE STATES IN MICE USING PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS" (2006). University of Kentucky Master's Theses. 271.