Year of Publication

2012

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Document Type

Master's Thesis

College

Agriculture

Department

Veterinary Science

First Advisor

Dr. Udeni B. R. Balasuriya

Abstract

Equine arteritis virus (EAV) is the causal agent of equine viral arteritis (EVA), a disease of equids. Following EAV infection, up to 70% of stallions may become carriers and continuously shed the virus in their semen for varying time periods. The long-term carrier stallion has an important role in the transmission and maintenance of EAV in horse populations. Recently, it has been demonstrated a correlation between in vitro susceptibility of CD3+ T lymphocytes to EAV infection and establishment of long-term persistent infection among stallions following natural infections. In this study, we investigated whether stallions with in vitro EAV susceptible CD3+ T lymphocytes are at higher risk of becoming long-term carriers compared to those with the resistant phenotype following experimental infection with the KY84 strain of EAV. Furthermore, we investigated whether there is a significant effect of EAV infection on semen quality during acute phase of the infection. The data suggested that the establishment of the long-term carrier state seems to be associated with the in vitro CD3+ T lymphocyte susceptible phenotypes and that reduced semen quality resulted from the combined effect of fever and scrotal edema observed following EAV infection rather than the direct effect of the virus.

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