To prevent truck crashes due to substance use:
- Employers should implement and enforce a policy that prohibits commercial drivers who are ill or taking over-the-counter medications with potential side effects for impaired driving from operating a commercial vehicle.
- Employers should implement and enforce a “reasonable suspicion” drug testing policy if a driver is suspected to be under the influence of drugs.
- Companies should conduct comprehensive new-hire prescreening and after-hire random drug testing for substance abuse.
- A nationwide data- base containing a record of all commercial driver positive drug tests in the last two years should be developed.
Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center, "Truck Drivers in Fatal Crashes After Substance Use" (2008). Kentucky Haz Alerts--Motor Vehicle. 7.