The amino acid mutations in ryanodine receptor (RyR) and elevated activity of detoxification enzymes have been associated with the diamide insecticide resistance in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.). The up-regulation of P. xylostella RyR mRNA (PxRyR) expression has also been reported in field populations of different graphical origin. However, whether the up-regulation of PxRyR is involved in diamide resistance remains unknown. In this paper, 2.28- to 4.14-fold higher expression of PxRyR was detected in five field collected resistant populations, compared to that in a susceptible population. The expression of PxRyR was up-regulated 5.0- and 7.2-fold, respectively, after P. xylostella was treated with LC50 and LC75 of chlorantraniliprole for 12 h. Suppression of PxRyR using RNA interference restored the toxicity of chlorantraniliprole against the fourth instar larvae from the resistant population. More importantly, the expression of PxRyR is regulated by two miRNAs, miR-7a and miR-8519. These findings provide an empirical evidence of the involvement of miRNAs in the regulation of insecticide resistance, and shed light on the novel targets for the sustainable management of this devastating insect pest.

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Published Scientific Reports, v. 5, article 14095, p. 1-9.

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This work was supported by the National Basic Research Programme of China (2012CB114103), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31171873 and 31371956).

srep14095-f1.jpg (150 kB)
Figure 1: Relative expression of <em>PxRyR</em> in <em>Plutella xylostella</em>.

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Figure 2: Relative expression of <em>PxRyR</em> in three populations of <em>P. xylostella</em> after injection of dsRyR for different time with injection of dsEGFP as control.

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Figure 3

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Figure 4

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