Done well, grading can play a key role in a balanced district assessment system.

Document Type


Publication Date


Notes/Citation Information

Published in Educational Leadership, v. 78, no. 1.

© 2020 by Susan Brookhart, Thomas R. Guskey, Jay McTighe, and Dylan Wiliam

Thomas R. Guskey has granted the permission for posting the article here.

The article is also available at http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/sept20/vol78/num01/Eight-Essential-Principles-for-Improving-Grading.aspx.

Related Content

The white paper the authors prepared presenting their ideas for grading reform in more detail is available at https://www.dylanwiliamcenter.com/Grading-Policy-Paper.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.