Year of Publication


Degree Name

Master of Science in Education (MSEd)

Document Type

Master's Thesis




Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology

First Advisor

Dr. Xin Ma


With data describing 110,520 eighth grade students from 592 junior high (middle) schools in China, a three-level hierarchical linear model was developed in this study to create a multivariate multilevel environment to examine (a) the effects of student-level and school-level variables on science achievement in four subject areas (science inquiry skills, biology, earth science, and physics) and (b) the consistency or stability of academic achievement across the four subject areas among students and among schools. Results indicated that (a) student characteristics, including gender, parental SES, time spent in learning, and the type of family separation, were related to high academic achievement in each of the four science subject areas, (b) no school characteristics were found to be significant factors to affect students’ academic performance in any of the four science subject areas, (c) both students and schools with high academic achievement in one subject area also showed high academic achievement in other subject areas, and (d) the consistency or stability of science performance over the four subject areas did not depend on student characteristics and school characteristics.