Year of Publication
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE)
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Dr. Aaron Cramer
Current consumption measurements are useful in a wide variety of applications, including power monitoring and fault detection within a lithium battery management system (BMS). This measurement is typically taken using either a shunt resistor or a Hall-effect current transducer. Although both methods have achieved accurate current measurements, shunt resistors have inherent power loss and often require isolation circuitry, and Hall-effect sensors are generally expensive. This work explores a novel alternative to sensing battery current by measuring terminal voltages and cell temperatures and using an unknown input observer (UIO) to estimate the battery current. An accurate model of a LiFePO4 cell is created and is then used to characterize a model of the proposed current estimation technique. Finally, the current estimation technique is implemented in hardware and tested in an online BMS environment. Results show that the current estimation technique is sufficiently accurate for a variety of applications including fault detection and power profiling.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Cambron, Daniel, "A Lithium Battery Current Estimation Technique Using an Unknown Input Observer" (2016). Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering. 84.