Author ORCID Identifier

Year of Publication


Degree Name

Doctor of Social Work (DSW)


Black people die at the hands of police at a disproportionate rate. In the United States, Black citizens are three times more likely to be killed by police than White citizens. This, along with other factors, has caused a lack of trust, legitimacy, and relationships between police and the Black community. Examining this problem from a socio-ecological and social constructivist perspective suggests that the solution encompasses the use of community feedback and experiences to build and develop a model of community-oriented policing that addresses the issues of the community being served.

Product one of this capstone was a systematic literature review that focused on the effectiveness of community-oriented policing programs and initiatives across the country. It also delineated the primary themes that are necessary to development and implementation of a consistent and effective community-oriented policing model.

Product two of this project was a conceptual paper. The conceptual paper explored socio-ecological and social constructivist paradigms in the development of a community-oriented policing program. Additionally, the conceptual paper examines how both the service provider and recipient work collaboratively to solve community issues with the service recipient being the primary perspective and authority. It focuses on policing with the community rather than simply policing the community.

Product three of this project was a practice application paper. The practice application paper is where the T.A.S.C. Model is created and discussed. It describes the four primary components of the model, Training, Active engagement, Social workers, and Community resources, as well as how the model can be implemented in police departments across the country. More specifically, how it can be implemented in the city of Louisville, KY.

To effectively improve trust and collaborative relationships with the Black community, and the community as a whole, it is imperative to develop and implement a community-oriented policing program that is truly focused and committed to the community it serves. This means involving community members and other community leaders in the process.