CRVAW Faculty Journal Articles


Frequency and Correlates of Intimate Partner Violence by Type: Physical, Sexual, and Psychological Battering


OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the frequency and correlates of intimatepartner violence by type (physical, sexual, battering, or emotional abuse)among women seeking primary health care. METHODS: Women aged 18 to 65 yearswho attended family practice clinics in 1997 and 1998 took part.Participation included a brief in-clinic survey assessing intimate partnerviolence. Multiple polytomous logistic regression was used to assesscorrelates of partner violence by type. RESULTS: Of 1401 eligible womensurveyed, 772 (55.1%) had experienced some type of intimate partnerviolence in a current, most recent, or past intimate relationship with amale partner; 20.2% were currently experiencing intimate partner violence.Among those who had experienced partner violence in any relationship, 77.3%experienced physical or sexual violence, and 22.7% experienced nonphysicalabuse. Alcohol and/or drug abuse by the male partner was the strongestcorrelate of violence. CONCLUSIONS: Partner substance abuse and intimatepartner violence in the woman's family of origin were strong risk factorsfor experiencing violence. Efforts to universally screen for partnerviolence and to effectively intervene to reduce the impact of such violenceon women's lives must be a public health priority.

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Notes/Citation Information

Published in American Journal of Public Health, v. 90, no. 4, p. 553-559.

Dr. Ann Coker had not been a faculty member of the University of Kentucky at the time of publication.

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