Year of Publication

2017

College

Public Health

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (M.P.H.)

Committee Chair

Steven Browning, PhD, MSPH

Committee Member

Lorie Wayne Chesnut, DrPH, MPH

Committee Member

Kathleen Winter, PhD, MPH

Abstract

Background: Vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) surveillance is important component to the success of vaccines. This report examines the levels of 13 of these VPDs in the state of Kentucky from 2005 to 2015.

Methods: All reported cases in the state of Kentucky for the years 2005 to 2015 of 13 vaccine-preventable diseases were obtained from the Disease Surveillance Module (DSM) and the National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS). Where enough cases were reported, descriptive statistics were prepared. For acute hepatitis B and pertussis, more thorough analysis was performed.

Results: Rates of acute hepatitis B in Kentucky from 2005 to 2015 were higher than the rates seen overall in the United States. Rates of pertussis over the same period were more similar to national trends.

Conclusion: Changes to VPD surveillance in Kentucky would allow for a more thorough and informative report. An increased focus on collection of demographic data as well as risk factors would greatly improve future reports.

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