Magnetic hyperthermia as a treatment modality is acquiring increased recognition for loco-regional therapy of primary and metastatic lung malignancies by pulmonary delivery of magnetic nanoparticles (MNP). The unique characteristic of magnetic nanoparticles to induce localized hyperthermia in the presence of an alternating magnetic field (AMF) allows for preferential killing of cells at the tumor site. In this study we demonstrate the effect of hyperthermia induced by low and high dose of MNP under the influence of an AMF using 3D tumor tissue analogs (TTA) representing the micrometastatic, perfusion independent stage of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) that infiltrates the lungs. While application of inhalable magnetic nanocomposite microparticles (MnMs) to the micrometastatic TNBC model comprised of TTA generated from cancer and stromal cells, showed no measureable adverse effects in the absence of AMF-exposure, magnetic hyperthermia generated under the influence of an AMF in TTA incubated in a high concentration of MNP (1 mg/ mL) caused significant increase in cellular death/ damage with mechanical disintegration and release of cell debris indicating the potential of these inhalable composites as a promising approach for thermal treatment of diseased lungs. The novelty and significance of this study lies in the development of methods to evaluate in vitro the application of inhalable composites containing MNPs in thermal therapy using a physiologically relevant metastatic TNBC model representative of the microenvironmental characteristics in secondary lung malignancies.
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NAS and AJ were supported by the R25CA153954 from the NCI. Additional support for the study was provided by the R21CA173609 (MU) also from the NCI.
Stocke, Nathanael A.; Sethi, Pallavi; Jyoti, Amar; Chan, Ryan; Arnold, Susanne M.; Hilt, J. Zach; and Upreti, Meenakshi, "Toxicity Evaluation of Magnetic Hyperthermia Induced by Remote Actuation of Magnetic Nanoparticles in 3D Micrometastasic Tumor Tissue Analogs for Triple Negative Breast Cancer" (2017). Chemical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications. 59.