Year of Publication

2016

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Document Type

Master's Thesis

College

Arts and Sciences

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Dr. Beth Guiton

Abstract

ZnO nanowires are a promising material with great semiconductor properties. ZnO nanowires were prepared by carbothermal reduction and vapor-liquid-solid growth mechanism. Altering a variety of parameters ranging from mole to mole ratio of ZnO to C all the way to gas flow rate was examined. The nanowires were then characterized and their morphology examined under a SEM to observe what effect the parameter had on the morphology of the nanowires. From the experiments and the parameters tested it was observed that in order to produce the highest quality straight nanowires one should use a mole to mole ratio of ZnO to C graphite of 1 to 3. With a dwell temperature and time of 900 °C for 3 hours. A gold seed catalyst of 4nm and a gas flow rate of 50 to 100sccm of Ar provides the straightest nanowires. Understanding the effect of each parameter on the morphology of ZnO nanowires is vital for the current research. This will only lead to further the research and provide a better understanding of the growth mechanism of these wires and how the production of specific wires with certain morphologic features and characteristics can be achieved.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.13023/ETD.2016.264

Share

COinS