Compost bedded pack (CBP) barns have been receiving increased attention as an alternative housing system for dairy cattle. To create a satisfactory environment within CBP barns that promotes a good composting process, an adequate air movement and minimal temperature fluctuations throughout the building are required. Therefore, a study based on compost barn structure model employing techniques of dimensional analysis for naturally ventilated buildings was developed. Three-dimensional computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations of compost barns with different ridge designs and wind direction, along with the visual demonstration of the impact on airflow through structure were performed. The results showed that the barn ventilation CFD model and simulations were in good agreement with the experimental measurements, predicting the airflow through the CBP barns structure for alternative roof ridge types adequately. The results also indicate that the best roof configuration in the winter was the open ridge with chimney for a west to east wind direction.
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This research received external funding of Brazilian National Research Council—CNPq (n. 407052/2018-6).
Damasceno, Flávio A.; Taraba, Joseph L.; Day, George B. V; Vega, Felipe A. O.; Rocha, Keller S. O.; Black, Randi A.; Bewley, Jeffrey M.; Oliveira, Carlos E. A.; and Barbari, Matteo, "3D CFD Analysis of Natural Ventilation in Reduced Scale Model of Compost Bedded Pack Barn for Dairy Cows" (2020). Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Faculty Publications. 236.