The soil coulterometer is an "on-the-go" electro-mechanical system which collects impedance force data at multiple depths using an oscillating coulter. During the initial testing (summer 2006), only vertical soil impedance force data was collected using a pressure sensor. To improve the performance of the coulterometer, an extended octagonal ring transducer was integrated into the system to collect both the horizontal and vertical impedance forces given by the soil. In the summer of 2007, data was collected using the revised sensor from a typical central Kentucky field setting in a 0.8-ha (2-acre) plot. Four passes were made with the coulterometer. Seventy five coulter oscillations between depths of 100 mm (4 in.) and 305 mm (12 in.) were obtained for each pass. Ten standard cone penetrometer measurements were taken for each pass between depths of 100 mm (4 in.) and 305 mm (12 in.) using a multi-probe soil cone penetrometer. Three soil bulk density and water content measurements between depths of 100 mm (4 in.) and 305 mm (12 in.) in steps of 50 mm (2 in.) were taken for each pass using a nuclear soil moisture/density gauge. Simple linear regression analysis was used to find the relationship between coulter indices (kN/m), cone index (MPa), dry soil bulk density (Mg/m3) and water content (%).Coefficients of determination (R2) as high as 0.996 were obtained between coulter indices and dry soil bulk density measurements and 0.998 for coulter indices and water content measurements.

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Published in Applied Engineering in Agriculture, v. 25, issue 5, p. 647-652.

© 2009 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.

The copyright holders have granted the permission for posting the article here.

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This article (09‐05‐064) resulted from research sponsored by the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and was funded in part by a grant from the USDA Special Grants Program.