Turf on all athletic fields should provide playing safety, good footing, and a pleasing appearance. It should be resilient enough to cushion falls and prevent abrasions, but also firm enough to permit good surface stability. In order to establish a quality field, proper construction and establishment are necessary. There are many construction techniques used in building athletic fields, depending upon available capital and intended use. The following would be considered minimum recommendations.
Powell, A. J. Jr., "Establishment of Football Turf" (1979). Agriculture and Natural Resources Publications. 25.