The effect of dietary aluminum sulfate on Ca and P metabolism was studied using 1-day-oldmale broiler chicks. In Experiment 1, practical diets providing .90% Ca plus .45% available P (Pav), .90% Ca plus .78% Pav, 1.80% Ca plus .45% Pav, or 1.80% Ca plus .90% Pav were fed with 0 or .392% Al as aluminum sulfate for 21 days. The control diet (.90% Caplus .45% Pav) without added A1 was fed to all chicks during Days 22 to 49. In general, Al significantly (Pi), tibia breaking strength, tibia weight, percentage of tibia ash, and plasma Zn, measured at Day 21. Elevating Pav increased BW gain, feed intake, gain:feed ratio, tibia weight and plasma Zn, and decreased plasma total Ca in the presence of .392% Al plus 1.80% Ca. Plasma Pi, tibia breaking strength, and percentage of tibia ash were increased by raising dietary Pav in the presence of .392% Al with either level of Ca. Negative effects of dietary Al on feed intake and BW persisted through Day 49.

In Experiment 2, a control diet (.90% Ca, .45% Pav) was fed for ad libitum access either alone or supplemented with .2% Al as aluminum sulfate or with an equivalent amount of sulfate provided by potassium sulfate. The control diet was also pair-fed to chicks given .2% Al. Dietary Al significantly depressed weight gain, feed intake, gain:feed ratio, and plasma Pi. No effects were noted due to adding potassium sulfate to the diet. Pair-feeding the control diet decreased weight gain, feed intake, and tibia weight, but not plasma Pi. These results indicate that the toxic effect of aluminum sulfate is due to the aluminum and not the sulfate ions. The influence of aluminum on growth is mainly due to depressed feed intake, while the altered Ca and P metabolism results from a direct effect of Al per se.

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Published in Poultry Science, v. 69, issue 6.

Copyright © 1990 Poultry Science Association Inc.

This article is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license.

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The investigation reported in this paper (Number 89-5–148) is in connection with a project of the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station and is published with approval of the director.